Parenting or child rearing fosters and supports a child’s physical, mental, social, and emotional development from birth to puberty. Parenting also refers to the many ins and outs of raising a young child properly and not just for a romantic relationship. Raising a child includes teaching your child moral values, instilling values in your child, communicating important concepts and encouraging educational activities, among other things. While these things are important from an economic, emotional, and psychological standpoint, it is not enough to raise a healthy and well-behaved child.
The most common traits found among the most difficult children are being self-centered, demanding, and manipulative. These characteristics stem from a lack of support and structure as well as dysfunctional relationships with both parents. Self-centered means that a parent thinks only of themselves and doesn’t provide their children with any value or guidance. This can be very detrimental to a child since self-centered parents do not set limits or provide consequences when they violate the rules. On the other hand, the domineering behavior exhibited by most demanding children is a result of their inability to not get their own way.
Children are likely to experience the conflict between their parents during childhood if their parents fail to provide a stable framework in which to operate. According to several studies, a major factor in poor child development is a parent’s lack of communication and/or influence. Additionally, parents who are constantly criticizing or abusing them may cause significant harm to their child development. For example, authoritative parents often inflict severe punishment on children who do not follow their directions. Authoritative parents are also likely to set high expectations for their children that frequently cannot be met.
A nurturing parent is one who values love, trust, and support from their child. This type of parenting promotes self-love and responsibility. In general, a nurturing parent encourages their child to think for himself and provides a safe, secure environment to explore his/her own unique strengths and weaknesses. Parents who encourage independence and creativity in their children are usually also highly valued as parents and are more likely to have successful parenting techniques.
Parents who love their children and who give them value and appropriate role models are more likely to have positive influences on their offspring. They are also less likely to unintentionally neglect their children. Additionally, they are more likely to raise children who possess appropriate interpersonal skills and who are well adjusted. The most effective parenting practices advocate a blend of discipline, structure, guidance, and social skills.
Parenting styles may vary as a function of the age of the parents, the sex of the parents, and the social status of the parents. Generally, however, all good parenting practices emphasize family values such as shared responsibility, set limits for inappropriate behaviors, set expectations, give children clear goals and consequences, give children appropriate choices, provide emotional support, and encourage and teach them self-discipline. In order for parents to have successful parenting practices, both biological and non-biological factors must be taken into account. These include: the health and development of the child, the environment in which the parenting practices take place, the involvement and interaction of the parents, the child’s adjustment to home, school, and community, and the parents’ ability to communicate and set appropriate limits.